Capsaicin-Sensitive Sensory Nerves Are Necessary for the Protective Effect of Ghrelin in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats
AbstractGhrelin was shown to exhibit protective and therapeutic effect in the gut. Aim of the study was to investigate the role of sensory nerves (SN) in the protective effect of ghrelin in acute pancreatitis (AP). Studies were performed on male Wistar rats or isolated pancreatic acinar cells. After capsaicin deactivation of sensory nerves (CDSN) or treatment with saline, rats were pretreated intraperitoneally with ghrelin or saline. In those rats, AP was induced by cerulein or pancreases were used for isolation of pancreatic acinar cells. Pancreatic acinar cells were incubated in cerulein-free or cerulein containing solution. In rats with intact SN, pretreatment with ghrelin led to a reversal of the cerulein-induced increase in pancreatic weight, plasma activity of lipase and plasma concentration of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α). These effects were associated with an increase in plasma interleukin-4 concentration and reduction in histological signs of pancreatic damage. CDSN tended to increase the severity of AP and abolished the protective effect of ghrelin. Exposure of pancreatic acinar cells to cerulein led to increase in cellular expression of mRNA for TNF-α and cellular synthesis of this cytokine. Pretreatment with ghrelin reduced this alteration, but this effect was only observed in acinar cells obtained from rats with intact SN. Moreover, CDSN inhibited the cerulein- and ghrelin-induced increase in gene expression and synthesis of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) in those cells. Ghrelin exhibits the protective effect in cerulein-induced AP on the organ and pancreatic acinar cell level. Sensory nerves ablation abolishes this effect. View Full-Text
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Bonior, J.; Warzecha, Z.; Ceranowicz, P.; Gajdosz, R.; Pierzchalski, P.; Kot, M.; Leja-Szpak, A.; Nawrot-Porąbka, K.; Link-Lenczowski, P.; Pędziwiatr, M.; Olszanecki, R.; Bartuś, K.; Trąbka, R.; Kuśnierz-Cabala, B.; Dembiński, A.; Jaworek, J. Capsaicin-Sensitive Sensory Nerves Are Necessary for the Protective Effect of Ghrelin in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1402.
Bonior J, Warzecha Z, Ceranowicz P, Gajdosz R, Pierzchalski P, Kot M, Leja-Szpak A, Nawrot-Porąbka K, Link-Lenczowski P, Pędziwiatr M, Olszanecki R, Bartuś K, Trąbka R, Kuśnierz-Cabala B, Dembiński A, Jaworek J. Capsaicin-Sensitive Sensory Nerves Are Necessary for the Protective Effect of Ghrelin in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(7):1402.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bonior, Joanna; Warzecha, Zygmunt; Ceranowicz, Piotr; Gajdosz, Ryszard; Pierzchalski, Piotr; Kot, Michalina; Leja-Szpak, Anna; Nawrot-Porąbka, Katarzyna; Link-Lenczowski, Paweł; Pędziwiatr, Michał; Olszanecki, Rafał; Bartuś, Krzysztof; Trąbka, Rafał; Kuśnierz-Cabala, Beata; Dembiński, Artur; Jaworek, Jolanta. 2017. "Capsaicin-Sensitive Sensory Nerves Are Necessary for the Protective Effect of Ghrelin in Cerulein-Induced Acute Pancreatitis in Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 7: 1402.
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