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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(7), 1399; doi:10.3390/ijms18071399

Primary Esophageal Motility Disorders: Beyond Achalasia

1
Department of Surgery and Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
2
Department of Medicine and Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 May 2017 / Revised: 19 June 2017 / Accepted: 27 June 2017 / Published: 30 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease: It Is More than Just Heartburn)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4867 KB, uploaded 30 June 2017]   |  

Abstract

The best-defined primary esophageal motor disorder is achalasia. However, symptoms such as dysphagia, regurgitation and chest pain can be caused by other esophageal motility disorders. The Chicago classification introduced new manometric parameters and better defined esophageal motility disorders. Motility disorders beyond achalasia with the current classification are: esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction, major disorders of peristalsis (distal esophageal spasm, hypercontractile esophagus, absent contractility) and minor disorders of peristalsis (ineffective esophageal motility, fragmented peristalsis). The aim of this study was to review the current diagnosis and management of esophageal motility disorders other than achalasia. View Full-Text
Keywords: esophageal motility disorders; high-resolution manometry; Chicago classification esophageal motility disorders; high-resolution manometry; Chicago classification
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Schlottmann, F.; Patti, M.G. Primary Esophageal Motility Disorders: Beyond Achalasia. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1399.

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