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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(7), 1358; doi:10.3390/ijms18071358

FGF-2 Gene Polymorphism in Osteoporosis among Guangxi’s Zhuang Chinese

1
College of Basic Medical Sciences, Youjiang Medical University for Nationalities, Baise 533000, China
2
Sansom Institute for Health Research and School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 22 June 2017 / Published: 27 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Bone and Cartilage Research)
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Abstract

Osteoporosis is a complex multifactorial disorder of gradual bone loss and increased fracture risk. While previous studies have shown the importance of many genetic factors in determining peak bone mass and fragility fractures and in suggesting involvement of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) in bone metabolism and bone mass, the relationship of FGF-2 genetic diversity with bone mass/osteoporosis has not yet been revealed. The current study investigated the potential relevance of FGF-2 gene polymorphism in osteoporosis among a Zhuang ethnic Chinese cohort of 623, including 237 normal bone mass controls, 227 osteopenia, and 159 osteoporosis of different ages. Bone density was examined by calcaneus ultrasound attenuation measurement, and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and linkage disequilibrium analyses were performed on five SNP loci of FGF-2 gene. Significant differences were found in bone mass in males between the 45-year-old and ≥70-year-old groups (p < 0.01), and in females among 55, 60, 65 and 70-year-old groups (p < 0.05). Males had higher bone mass values than females in the same age (over 55-year-old) (p < 0.05). The proportions of individuals with normal bone mass decreased with age (65.2% to 40% in males, and 50% to 0% in females), whereas prevalence of osteoporosis increased with age (15.4% to 30% in men, and 7.7% to 82% in women). Out of five FGF-2 SNP loci, the TA genotype of rs308442 in the osteoporosis group (40.2%) was higher than in the control group (29.5%) (p < 0.05). The TA genotype was significantly correlated with the risk of osteoporosis (odds ratio OR = 1.653), 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.968–1.441). Strong linkage disequilibrium in FGF-2 gene was also detected between rs12644427 and rs3747676, between rs12644427 and rs3789138, and between rs3747676 and rs3789138 (D’ > 0.8, and r2 > 0.33). Thus, the rs308442 locus of FGF-2 gene is closely correlated to osteoporosis in this Zhuang ethnic Chinese cohort, and the TA may be the risk genotype of osteoporosis. View Full-Text
Keywords: bone ultrasound; osteoporosis; human association studies; fibroblast growth factor-2; aging bone ultrasound; osteoporosis; human association studies; fibroblast growth factor-2; aging
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bin, X.; Lin, C.; Huang, X.; Zhou, Q.; Wang, L.; Xian, C.J. FGF-2 Gene Polymorphism in Osteoporosis among Guangxi’s Zhuang Chinese. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1358.

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