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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(5), 942; doi:10.3390/ijms18050942

Rutin-Enriched Extract from Coriandrum sativum L. Ameliorates Ionizing Radiation-Induced Hematopoietic Injury

Tianjin Key Laboratory of Radiation Medicine and Molecular Nuclear Medicine, Institute of Radiation Medicine, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Science, Tianjin 300192, China
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Academic Editors: David Arráez-Román and Ana Maria Gómez Caravaca
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 22 April 2017 / Accepted: 24 April 2017 / Published: 29 April 2017

Abstract

Hematopoietic injury is a major cause of mortality in radiation accidents and a primary side effect in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced myelosuppression is largely attributed to the injury of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Coriander is a culinary herb with multiple pharmacological effects and has been widely used in traditional medicine. In this study, flavonoids were identified as the main component of coriander extract with rutin being the leading compound (rutin-enriched coriander extract; RE-CE). We evaluated the radioprotective effect of RE-CE against IR-induced HSPCs injury. Results showed that RE-CE treatment markedly improved survival, ameliorated organ injuries and myelosuppression, elevated HSPCs frequency, and promoted differentiation and proliferation of HSPCs in irradiated mice. The protective role of RE-CE in hematopoietic injury is probably attributed to its anti-apoptotic and anti-DNA damage effect in irradiated HSPCs. Moreover, these changes were associated with reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) and enhanced antioxidant enzymatic activities in irradiated HSPCs. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that RE-CE is able to ameliorate IR-induced hematopoietic injury partly by reducing IR-induced oxidative stress. View Full-Text
Keywords: ionizing radiation; coriander extract; total body irradiation; hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells; reactive oxygen species ionizing radiation; coriander extract; total body irradiation; hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells; reactive oxygen species
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MDPI and ACS Style

Han, X.; Xue, X.; Zhao, Y.; Li, Y.; Liu, W.; Zhang, J.; Fan, S. Rutin-Enriched Extract from Coriandrum sativum L. Ameliorates Ionizing Radiation-Induced Hematopoietic Injury. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 942.

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