A Long-Term Treatment with Arachidonyl-2′-Chloroethylamide Combined with Valproate Increases Neurogenesis in a Mouse Pilocarpine Model of Epilepsy
AbstractRational polytherapy in the treatment of refractory epilepsy has been the main therapeutic modality for several years. In treatment with two or more antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), it is of particular importance that AEDs be selected based on their high anticonvulsant properties, minimal side effects, and impact on the formation of new neurons. The aim of the study was to conduct an in vivo evaluation of the relationship between treatments with synthetic cannabinoid arachidonyl-2′-chloroethylamide (ACEA) alone or in combination with valproic acid (VPA) and hippocampal neurogenesis in a mouse pilocarpine model of epilepsy. All studies were performed on adolescent male CB57/BL mice with using the following drugs: VPA (10 mg/kg), ACEA (10 mg/kg), phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride (PMSF—a substance protecting ACEA against degradation by fatty acid hydrolase, 30 mg/kg), pilocarpine (PILO, a single dose of 290 mg/kg) and methylscopolamine (30 min before PILO to stop peripheral cholinergic effects of pilocarpine, 1 mg/kg). We evaluated the process of neurogenesis after a 10-day treatment with ACEA and VPA, alone and in combination. We observed a decrease of neurogenesis in the PILO control group as compared to the healthy control mice. Furthermore, ACEA + PMSF alone and in combination with VPA significantly increased neurogenesis compared to the PILO control group. In contrast, VPA 10-day treatment had no impact on the level of neurons in comparison to the PILO control group. The combination of ACEA, PMSF and VPA considerably stimulated the process of creating new cells, particularly neurons, while chronic administration of VPA itself had no influence on neurogenesis in the mouse pilocarpine model of epilepsy. The obtained results enabled an in vivo evaluation of neurogenesis after treatment with antiepileptic drugs in an experimental model of epilepsy. View Full-Text
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Andres-Mach, M.; Zagaja, M.; Haratym-Maj, A.; Rola, R.; Maj, M.; Haratym, J.; Dudra-Jastrzębska, M.; Łuszczki, J.J. A Long-Term Treatment with Arachidonyl-2′-Chloroethylamide Combined with Valproate Increases Neurogenesis in a Mouse Pilocarpine Model of Epilepsy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 900.
Andres-Mach M, Zagaja M, Haratym-Maj A, Rola R, Maj M, Haratym J, Dudra-Jastrzębska M, Łuszczki JJ. A Long-Term Treatment with Arachidonyl-2′-Chloroethylamide Combined with Valproate Increases Neurogenesis in a Mouse Pilocarpine Model of Epilepsy. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(5):900.Chicago/Turabian Style
Andres-Mach, Marta; Zagaja, Mirosław; Haratym-Maj, Agnieszka; Rola, Radosław; Maj, Maciej; Haratym, Joanna; Dudra-Jastrzębska, Monika; Łuszczki, Jarogniew J. 2017. "A Long-Term Treatment with Arachidonyl-2′-Chloroethylamide Combined with Valproate Increases Neurogenesis in a Mouse Pilocarpine Model of Epilepsy." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 5: 900.
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