Salinity Response in Chloroplasts: Insights from Gene Characterization
AbstractSalinity is a severe abiotic stress limiting agricultural yield and productivity. Plants have evolved various strategies to cope with salt stress. Chloroplasts are important photosynthesis organelles, which are sensitive to salinity. An understanding of molecular mechanisms in chloroplast tolerance to salinity is of great importance for genetic modification and plant breeding. Previous studies have characterized more than 53 salt-responsive genes encoding important chloroplast-localized proteins, which imply multiple vital pathways in chloroplasts in response to salt stress, such as thylakoid membrane organization, the modulation of photosystem II (PS II) activity, carbon dioxide (CO2) assimilation, photorespiration, reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging, osmotic and ion homeostasis, abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis and signaling, and gene expression regulation, as well as protein synthesis and turnover. This review presents an overview of salt response in chloroplasts revealed by gene characterization efforts. View Full-Text
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Suo, J.; Zhao, Q.; David, L.; Chen, S.; Dai, S. Salinity Response in Chloroplasts: Insights from Gene Characterization. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 1011.
Suo J, Zhao Q, David L, Chen S, Dai S. Salinity Response in Chloroplasts: Insights from Gene Characterization. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(5):1011.Chicago/Turabian Style
Suo, Jinwei; Zhao, Qi; David, Lisa; Chen, Sixue; Dai, Shaojun. 2017. "Salinity Response in Chloroplasts: Insights from Gene Characterization." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 5: 1011.