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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(4), 865; doi:10.3390/ijms18040865

Melatonin: A Review of Its Potential Functions and Effects on Dental Diseases

Anatomy, Animal Production and Veterinary Clinical Sciences Department, Veterinary Faculty, Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Campus Universitario s/n, 27002 Lugo, Spain
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Academic Editor: Russel Reiter
Received: 17 March 2017 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 13 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Melatonin and Its Analogues: Experimental and Clinical Aspects)
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Abstract

Melatonin is a hormone synthesised and secreted by the pineal gland and other organs. Its secretion, controlled by an endogenous circadian cycle, has been proven to exert immunological, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects that can be beneficial in the treatment of certain dental diseases. This article is aimed at carrying out a review of the literature published about the use of melatonin in the dental field and summarising its potential effects. In this review article, an extensive search in different databases of scientific journals was performed with the objective of summarising all of the information published on melatonin use in dental diseases, focussing on periodontal diseases and dental implantology. Melatonin released in a natural way into the saliva, or added as an external treatment, may have important implications for dental disorders, such as periodontal disease, as well as in the osseointegration of dental implants, due to its anti-inflammatory and osseoconductive effects. Melatonin has demonstrated to have beneficial effects on dental pathologies, although further research is needed to understand the exact mechanisms of this molecule. View Full-Text
Keywords: melatonin; oral cavity; implants; periodontal disease melatonin; oral cavity; implants; periodontal disease
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Permuy, M.; López-Peña, M.; González-Cantalapiedra, A.; Muñoz, F. Melatonin: A Review of Its Potential Functions and Effects on Dental Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 865.

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