Expression Profile of Genes Regulating Steroid Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Human Ovarian Granulosa Cells—A Primary Culture Approach
AbstractBecause of the deep involvement of granulosa cells in the processes surrounding the cycles of menstruation and reproduction, there is a great need for a deeper understanding of the ways in which they function during the various stages of those cycles. One of the main ways in which the granulosa cells influence the numerous sex associated processes is hormonal interaction. Expression of steroid sex hormones influences a range of both primary and secondary sexual characteristics, as well as regulate the processes of oogenesis, folliculogenesis, ovulation, and pregnancy. Understanding of the exact molecular mechanisms underlying those processes could not only provide us with deep insight into the regulation of the reproductive cycle, but also create new clinical advantages in detection and treatment of various diseases associated with sex hormone abnormalities. We have used the microarray approach validated by RT-qPCR, to analyze the patterns of gene expression in primary cultures of human granulosa cells at days 1, 7, 15, and 30 of said cultures. We have especially focused on genes belonging to ontology groups associated with steroid biosynthesis and metabolism, namely “Regulation of steroid biosynthesis process” and “Regulation of steroid metabolic process”. Eleven genes have been chosen, as they exhibited major change under a culture condition. Out of those, ten genes, namely STAR, SCAP, POR, SREBF1, GFI1, SEC14L2, STARD4, INSIG1, DHCR7, and IL1B, belong to both groups. Patterns of expression of those genes were analyzed, along with brief description of their functions. That analysis helped us achieve a better understanding of the exact molecular processes underlying steroid biosynthesis and metabolism in human granulosa cells. View Full-Text
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Kranc, W.; Brązert, M.; Ożegowska, K.; Nawrocki, M.J.; Budna, J.; Celichowski, P.; Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, M.; Jankowski, M.; Jeseta, M.; Pawelczyk, L.; Bruska, M.; Nowicki, M.; Zabel, M.; Kempisty, B. Expression Profile of Genes Regulating Steroid Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Human Ovarian Granulosa Cells—A Primary Culture Approach. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2673.
Kranc W, Brązert M, Ożegowska K, Nawrocki MJ, Budna J, Celichowski P, Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska M, Jankowski M, Jeseta M, Pawelczyk L, Bruska M, Nowicki M, Zabel M, Kempisty B. Expression Profile of Genes Regulating Steroid Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Human Ovarian Granulosa Cells—A Primary Culture Approach. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(12):2673.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kranc, Wiesława; Brązert, Maciej; Ożegowska, Katarzyna; Nawrocki, Mariusz J.; Budna, Joanna; Celichowski, Piotr; Dyszkiewicz-Konwińska, Marta; Jankowski, Maurycy; Jeseta, Michal; Pawelczyk, Leszek; Bruska, Małgorzata; Nowicki, Michał; Zabel, Maciej; Kempisty, Bartosz. 2017. "Expression Profile of Genes Regulating Steroid Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Human Ovarian Granulosa Cells—A Primary Culture Approach." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 12: 2673.
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