Recent Advances in Momordica charantia: Functional Components and Biological Activities
AbstractMomordica charantia L. (M. charantia), a member of the Cucurbitaceae family, is widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of diabetes mellitus, and its fruit has been used as a vegetable for thousands of years. Phytochemicals including proteins, polysaccharides, flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, ascorbic acid and steroids have been found in this plant. Various biological activities of M. charantia have been reported, such as antihyperglycemic, antibacterial, antiviral, antitumor, immunomodulation, antioxidant, antidiabetic, anthelmintic, antimutagenic, antiulcer, antilipolytic, antifertility, hepatoprotective, anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. However, both in vitro and in vivo studies have also demonstrated that M. charantia may also exert toxic or adverse effects under different conditions. This review addresses the chemical constituents of M. charantia and discusses their pharmacological activities as well as their adverse effects, aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of the phytochemistry and biological activities of M. charantia. View Full-Text
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Jia, S.; Shen, M.; Zhang, F.; Xie, J. Recent Advances in Momordica charantia: Functional Components and Biological Activities. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2555.
Jia S, Shen M, Zhang F, Xie J. Recent Advances in Momordica charantia: Functional Components and Biological Activities. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(12):2555.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jia, Shuo; Shen, Mingyue; Zhang, Fan; Xie, Jianhua. 2017. "Recent Advances in Momordica charantia: Functional Components and Biological Activities." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 12: 2555.
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