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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(11), 2343; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18112343

Two Paralogous Genes Encoding Auxin Efflux Carrier Differentially Expressed in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia)

1
Department of Horticulture & Landscape Architecture, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2
Graduate Institute of Biotechnology, Chinese Culture University, Taipei 11114, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 September 2017 / Revised: 1 November 2017 / Accepted: 4 November 2017 / Published: 6 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Auxin)
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Abstract

The phytohormone auxin regulates various developmental programs in plants, including cell growth, cell division and cell differentiation. The auxin efflux carriers are essential for the auxin transport. To show an involvement of auxin transporters in the coordination of fruit development in bitter gourd, a juicy fruit, we isolated novel cDNAs (referred as McPIN) encoding putative auxin efflux carriers, including McPIN1, McPIN2 (allele of McPIN1) and McPIN3, from developing fruits of bitter gourd. Both McPIN1 and McPIN3 genes possess six exons and five introns. Hydropathy analysis revealed that both polypeptides have two hydrophobic regions with five transmembrane segments and a predominantly hydrophilic core. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that McPIN1 shared the highest homology to the group of Arabidopsis, cucumber and tomato PIN1, while McPIN3 belonged to another group, including Arabidopsis and tomato PIN3 as well as PIN4. This suggests different roles for McPIN1 and McPIN3 in auxin transport involved in the fruit development of bitter gourd. Maximum mRNA levels for both genes were detected in staminate and pistillate flowers. McPIN1 is expressed in a particular period of early fruit development but McPIN3 continues to be expressed until the last stage of fruit ripening. Moreover, these two genes are auxin-inducible and qualified as early auxin-response genes. Their expression patterns suggest that these two auxin transporter genes play a pivotal role in fruit setting and development. View Full-Text
Keywords: auxin transporter; sequence identity; phylogenetic analysis; gene expression; fruit development; auxin induction auxin transporter; sequence identity; phylogenetic analysis; gene expression; fruit development; auxin induction
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Li, Y.-L.; Lin, Y.-S.; Huang, P.-L.; Do, Y.-Y. Two Paralogous Genes Encoding Auxin Efflux Carrier Differentially Expressed in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia). Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2343.

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