Chemoenzymatic Preparation and Biophysical Properties of Sulfated Quercetin Metabolites
AbstractSulfated quercetin derivatives are important authentic standards for metabolic studies. Quercetin-3′-O-sulfate, quercetin-4′-O-sulfate, and quercetin-3-O-sulfate as well as quercetin-di-O-sulfate mixture (quercetin-7,3′-di-O-sulfate, quercetin-7,4′-di-O-sulfate, and quercetin-3′,4′-di-O-sulfate) were synthetized by arylsulfotransferase from Desulfitobacterium hafniense. Purified monosulfates and disulfates were fully characterized using MS and NMR and tested for their 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS+) and N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DMPD) radical scavenging, Folin-Ciocalteau reduction (FCR), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and anti-lipoperoxidant activities in rat liver microsomes damaged by tert-butylhydroperoxide. Although, as expected, the sulfated metabolites were usually less active than quercetin, they remained still effective antiradical and reducing agents. Quercetin-3′-O-sulfate was more efficient than quercetin-4′-O-sulfate in DPPH and FCR assays. In contrast, quercetin-4′-O-sulfate was the best ferric reductant and lipoperoxidation inhibitor. The capacity to scavenge ABTS+• and DMPD was comparable for all substances, except for disulfates, which were the most efficient. Quantum calculations and molecular dynamics simulations on membrane models supported rationalization of free radical scavenging and lipid peroxidation inhibition. These results clearly showed that individual metabolites of food bioactives can markedly differ in their biological activity. Therefore, a systematic and thorough investigation of all bioavailable metabolites with respect to native compounds is needed when evaluating food health benefits. View Full-Text
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Valentová, K.; Káňová, K.; Di Meo, F.; Pelantová, H.; Chambers, C.S.; Rydlová, L.; Petrásková, L.; Křenková, A.; Cvačka, J.; Trouillas, P.; Křen, V. Chemoenzymatic Preparation and Biophysical Properties of Sulfated Quercetin Metabolites. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2231.
Valentová K, Káňová K, Di Meo F, Pelantová H, Chambers CS, Rydlová L, Petrásková L, Křenková A, Cvačka J, Trouillas P, Křen V. Chemoenzymatic Preparation and Biophysical Properties of Sulfated Quercetin Metabolites. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(11):2231.Chicago/Turabian Style
Valentová, Kateřina; Káňová, Kristýna; Di Meo, Florent; Pelantová, Helena; Chambers, Christopher S.; Rydlová, Lenka; Petrásková, Lucie; Křenková, Alena; Cvačka, Josef; Trouillas, Patrick; Křen, Vladimír. 2017. "Chemoenzymatic Preparation and Biophysical Properties of Sulfated Quercetin Metabolites." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 11: 2231.
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