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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(10), 2125; doi:10.3390/ijms18102125

ASIC1a Promotes Acid-Induced Autophagy in Rat Articular Chondrocytes through the AMPK/FoxO3a Pathway

Anhui Key Laboratory of Bioactivity of Natural Products, School of Pharmacy, Anhui Medical University, Hefei 230032, China
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Received: 15 September 2017 / Revised: 30 September 2017 / Accepted: 5 October 2017 / Published: 11 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Acid-sensing ion channel 1a (ASIC1a) is a member of the extracellular H+-activated cation channels family. Our previous studies suggested that ASIC1a contributed to acid-induced rat articular chondrocytes autophagy. However, its potential mechanisms remain unclear. The present study demonstrated the effect of ASIC1a on rat articular chondrocytes autophagy and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. The results demonstrated that ASIC1a contributed to acid-induced autophagy in rat articular chondrocytes, and which was associated with an increase in (Ca2+)i, as indicated that acid-induced increases in mRNA and protein expression of LC3B-II and other autophagy-related markers were inhibited by ASIC1a-specific blocker, PcTx1 and calcium chelating agent, BAPTA-AM. Furthermore, the results showed that extracellular acid increased level of Forkhead box O (FoxO) 3a, but was reversed by inhibition of ASIC1a and Ca2+ influx. Moreover, gene ablation of FoxO3a prevented acid-induced increases in mRNA and protein expression of LC3B-II, Beclin1 and the formation of autophagosome. Finally, it also showed that ASIC1a activated adenine nucleotide (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK). In addition, suppression of AMPK by Compound C and its small interfering RNA (siRNA) prevented acid-induced upregulation of total and nuclear FoxO3a and increases in mRNA and protein expression of LC3B-II, Beclin1, and ATG5. Taken together, these findings suggested that AMPK/FoxO3a axis plays an important role in ASIC1a-mediated autophagy in rat articular chondrocytes, which may provide novel mechanistic insight into ASIC1a effects on autophagy. View Full-Text
Keywords: acid; ASIC1a; Ca2+; AMPK; FoxO3a; autophagy; rat articular chondrocytes acid; ASIC1a; Ca2+; AMPK; FoxO3a; autophagy; rat articular chondrocytes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dai, B.; Zhu, F.; Chen, Y.; Zhou, R.; Wang, Z.; Xie, Y.; Wu, X.; Zu, S.; Li, G.; Ge, J.; Chen, F. ASIC1a Promotes Acid-Induced Autophagy in Rat Articular Chondrocytes through the AMPK/FoxO3a Pathway. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2125.

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