Evaluating the Effects of an Organic Extract from the Mediterranean Sponge Geodia cydonium on Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines
AbstractMarine sponges are an excellent source of bioactive secondary metabolites for pharmacological applications. In the present study, we evaluated the chemistry, cytotoxicity and metabolomics of an organic extract from the Mediterranean marine sponge Geodia cydonium, collected in coastal waters of the Gulf of Naples. We identified an active fraction able to block proliferation of breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, MDA-MB231, and MDA-MB468 and to induce cellular apoptosis, whereas it was inactive on normal breast cells (MCF-10A). Metabolomic studies showed that this active fraction was able to interfere with amino acid metabolism, as well as to modulate glycolysis and glycosphingolipid metabolic pathways. In addition, the evaluation of the cytokinome profile on the polar fractions of three treated breast cancer cell lines (compared to untreated cells) demonstrated that this fraction induced a slight anti-inflammatory effect. Finally, the chemical entities present in this fraction were analyzed by liquid chromatography high resolution mass spectrometry combined with molecular networking. View Full-Text
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Costantini, S.; Guerriero, E.; Teta, R.; Capone, F.; Caso, A.; Sorice, A.; Romano, G.; Ianora, A.; Ruocco, N.; Budillon, A.; Costantino, V.; Costantini, M. Evaluating the Effects of an Organic Extract from the Mediterranean Sponge Geodia cydonium on Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2112.
Costantini S, Guerriero E, Teta R, Capone F, Caso A, Sorice A, Romano G, Ianora A, Ruocco N, Budillon A, Costantino V, Costantini M. Evaluating the Effects of an Organic Extract from the Mediterranean Sponge Geodia cydonium on Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(10):2112.Chicago/Turabian Style
Costantini, Susan; Guerriero, Eliana; Teta, Roberta; Capone, Francesca; Caso, Alessia; Sorice, Angela; Romano, Giovanna; Ianora, Adrianna; Ruocco, Nadia; Budillon, Alfredo; Costantino, Valeria; Costantini, Maria. 2017. "Evaluating the Effects of an Organic Extract from the Mediterranean Sponge Geodia cydonium on Human Breast Cancer Cell Lines." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 10: 2112.
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