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Bioinformatics Analysis of Phylogeny and Transcription of TAA/YUC Auxin Biosynthetic Genes
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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(10), 2107; doi:10.3390/ijms18102107

Evolution Analysis of the Aux/IAA Gene Family in Plants Shows Dual Origins and Variable Nuclear Localization Signals

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas, College of Agronomy, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China
2
Innovation Experimental College, Northwest A&F University, Xianyang 712100, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 August 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 1 October 2017 / Published: 8 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Auxin)
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Abstract

The plant hormone auxin plays pivotal roles in many aspects of plant growth and development. The auxin/indole-3-acetic acid (Aux/IAA) gene family encodes short-lived nuclear proteins acting on auxin perception and signaling, but the evolutionary history of this gene family remains to be elucidated. In this study, the Aux/IAA gene family in 17 plant species covering all major lineages of plants is identified and analyzed by using multiple bioinformatics methods. A total of 434 Aux/IAA genes was found among these plant species, and the gene copy number ranges from three (Physcomitrella patens) to 63 (Glycine max). The phylogenetic analysis shows that the canonical Aux/IAA proteins can be generally divided into five major clades, and the origin of Aux/IAA proteins could be traced back to the common ancestor of land plants and green algae. Many truncated Aux/IAA proteins were found, and some of these truncated Aux/IAA proteins may be generated from the C-terminal truncation of auxin response factor (ARF) proteins. Our results indicate that tandem and segmental duplications play dominant roles for the expansion of the Aux/IAA gene family mainly under purifying selection. The putative nuclear localization signals (NLSs) in Aux/IAA proteins are conservative, and two kinds of new primordial bipartite NLSs in P. patens and Selaginella moellendorffii were discovered. Our findings not only give insights into the origin and expansion of the Aux/IAA gene family, but also provide a basis for understanding their functions during the course of evolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: Aux/IAA; evolution; phylogeny; gene expansion; nuclear localization signals Aux/IAA; evolution; phylogeny; gene expansion; nuclear localization signals
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Wu, W.; Liu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Li, H.; Liu, J.; Tan, J.; He, J.; Bai, J.; Ma, H. Evolution Analysis of the Aux/IAA Gene Family in Plants Shows Dual Origins and Variable Nuclear Localization Signals. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2107.

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