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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(9), 1544; doi:10.3390/ijms17091544

Review on Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4: Functionality and Nutraceutical Applications as a Probiotic Microorganism

1
Department of Food and Nutrition, Research Institute of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
2
Laboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2022, USA
3
Department of Hotel Culinary Arts, Yeonsung University, Anyang 430-749, Korea
4
Research Center, BIFIDO Co., Ltd., Hongcheon 250-804, Korea
5
Institute of Health and Environment, Graduate School of Public Health, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-742, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Cifuentes
Received: 26 July 2016 / Revised: 1 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 14 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Bioactives and Nutraceuticals)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1196 KB, uploaded 14 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4 is a probiotic strain that has been used as a major ingredient to produce nutraceutical products and as a dairy starter since 2000. The various bio-functional effects and potential for industrial application of B. bifidum BGN4 has been characterized and proven by in vitro (i.e., phytochemical bio-catalysis, cell adhesion and anti-carcinogenic effects on cell lines, and immunomodulatory effects on immune cells), in vivo (i.e., suppressed allergic responses in mouse model and anti-inflammatory bowel disease), and clinical studies (eczema in infants and adults with irritable bowel syndrome). Recently, the investigation of the genome sequencing was finished and this data potentially clarifies the biochemical characteristics of B. bifidum BGN4 that possibly illustrate its nutraceutical functionality. However, further systematic research should be continued to gain insight for academic and industrial applications so that the use of B. bifidum BGN4 could be expanded to result in greater benefit. This review deals with multiple studies on B. bifidum BGN4 to offer a greater understanding as a probiotic microorganism available in functional food ingredients. In particular, this work considers the potential for commercial application, physiological characterization and exploitation of B. bifidum BGN4 as a whole. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bifidobacterium; functional foods; probiotics; nutraceuticals Bifidobacterium; functional foods; probiotics; nutraceuticals
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Ku, S.; Park, M.S.; Ji, G.E.; You, H.J. Review on Bifidobacterium bifidum BGN4: Functionality and Nutraceutical Applications as a Probiotic Microorganism. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1544.

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