Mutant LRP6 Impairs Endothelial Cell Functions Associated with Familial Normolipidemic Coronary Artery Disease
AbstractMutations in the genes low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein-6 (LRP6) and myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) were reported in families with coronary artery disease (CAD). We intend to determine the mutational spectrum of these genes among hyperlipidemic and normolipidemic CAD families. Forty probands with early-onset CAD were recruited from 19 hyperlipidemic and 21 normolipidemic Chinese families. We sequenced all exons and intron-exon boundaries of LRP6 and MEF2A, and found a novel heterozygous variant in LRP6 from a proband with normolipidemic CAD. This variant led to a substitution of histidine to tyrosine (Y418H) in an evolutionarily conserved domain YWTD in exon 6 and was not found in 1025 unrelated healthy individuals. Co-segregated with CAD in the affected family, LRP6Y418H significantly debilitated the Wnt3a-associated signaling pathway, suppressed endothelial cell proliferation and migration, and decreased anti-apoptotic ability. However, it exhibited no influences on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol uptake. Thus, mutation Y418H in LRP6 likely contributes to normolipidemic familial CAD via impairing endothelial cell functions and weakening the Wnt3a signaling pathway. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 642 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Guo, J.; Li, Y.; Ren, Y.-H.; Sun, Z.; Dong, J.; Yan, H.; Xu, Y.; Wang, D.W.; Zheng, G.-Y.; Du, J.; Tian, X.-L. Mutant LRP6 Impairs Endothelial Cell Functions Associated with Familial Normolipidemic Coronary Artery Disease. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1173.
Guo J, Li Y, Ren Y-H, Sun Z, Dong J, Yan H, Xu Y, Wang DW, Zheng G-Y, Du J, Tian X-L. Mutant LRP6 Impairs Endothelial Cell Functions Associated with Familial Normolipidemic Coronary Artery Disease. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(7):1173.Chicago/Turabian Style
Guo, Jian; Li, Yang; Ren, Yi-Hong; Sun, Zhijun; Dong, Jie; Yan, Han; Xu, Yujun; Wang, Dao W.; Zheng, Gu-Yan; Du, Jie; Tian, Xiao-Li. 2016. "Mutant LRP6 Impairs Endothelial Cell Functions Associated with Familial Normolipidemic Coronary Artery Disease." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 7: 1173.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.