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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(7), 1057; doi:10.3390/ijms17071057

Effects and Mechanisms of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound for Chronic Prostatitis and Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome

1
Knuppe Molecular Urology Laboratory, Department of Urology, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
2
Department of Urology, Peking University First Hospital and the Institute of Urology, Peking University, Beijing 100009, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 12 May 2016 / Revised: 21 June 2016 / Accepted: 27 June 2016 / Published: 1 July 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Pathology, Diagnostics, and Therapeutics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [616 KB, uploaded 1 July 2016]   |  

Abstract

Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the most common urologic diseases, and no curative treatments have been identified. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been successfully used in promoting tissue healing, inhibiting inflammation and pain, differentiating stem cells, and stimulating nerve regeneration/muscle regeneration, as well as enhancing angiogenesis. Very recently, LIPUS has been proven an effective approach for CP/CPPS. This review summarizes the possible mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effect of LIPUS for CP/CPPS. To search publications relevant to the topics of this review, the search engine for life sciences of Entrez was used. We reviewed the available evidence from 1954 through 2015 concerning LIPUS for CP/CPPS. According to the literature, both transrectal and transperineal approaches of LIPUS are effective for CP/CPPS. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic prostatitis; chronic pelvic pain syndrome; low-intensity pulsed ultrasound; mechanism; therapeutic effect chronic prostatitis; chronic pelvic pain syndrome; low-intensity pulsed ultrasound; mechanism; therapeutic effect
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, G.; Reed-Maldonado, A.B.; Lin, M.; Xin, Z.; Lue, T.F. Effects and Mechanisms of Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound for Chronic Prostatitis and Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1057.

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