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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(6), 921; doi:10.3390/ijms17060921

Flavonoids as Cytokine Modulators: A Possible Therapy for Inflammation-Related Diseases

1
Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C., Carretera a Eldorado Km 5.5 Col. El Diez, 80110 Culiacán, Sinaloa, Mexico
2
Universidad Politécnica del Mar y la Sierra, Carretera a Potrerillos del Norote/La Cruz Km 3, La Cruz, 82740 Elota, Sinaloa, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio Segura-Carretero and Ana Maria Gómez Caravaca
Received: 30 April 2016 / Revised: 28 May 2016 / Accepted: 3 June 2016 / Published: 9 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Research of Functional and Nutraceutical Food)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1829 KB, uploaded 9 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

High levels of cytokines, such as interleukin (IL)-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-6, are associated with chronic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease and cancer; therefore cytokine inhibition might be an important target for the treatment of these diseases. Most drugs used to alleviate some inflammation-related symptoms act by inhibiting cyclooxygenases activity or by blocking cytokine receptors. Nevertheless, these drugs have secondary effects when used on a long-term basis. It has been mentioned that flavonoids, namely quercetin, apigenin and luteolin, reduce cytokine expression and secretion. In this regard, flavonoids may have therapeutical potential in the treatment of inflammation-related diseases as cytokine modulators. This review is focused on current research about the effect of flavonoids on cytokine modulation and the description of the way these compounds exert their effect. View Full-Text
Keywords: flavonoids; anti-inflammatory effect; cytokine inhibition flavonoids; anti-inflammatory effect; cytokine inhibition
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Leyva-López, N.; Gutierrez-Grijalva, E.P.; Ambriz-Perez, D.L.; Heredia, J.B. Flavonoids as Cytokine Modulators: A Possible Therapy for Inflammation-Related Diseases. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 921.

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