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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(5), 731; doi:10.3390/ijms17050731

Key Developments in Ionic Liquid Crystals

1
Institute for Molecules and Materials, Radboud University, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen, The Netherlands
2
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Blk N4.1 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andreas Taubert
Received: 12 April 2016 / Revised: 4 May 2016 / Accepted: 6 May 2016 / Published: 16 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ionic Liquids 2016 and Selected Papers from ILMAT III)

Abstract

Ionic liquid crystals are materials that combine the classes of liquid crystals and ionic liquids. The first one is based on the multi-billion-dollar flat panel display industry, whilst the latter quickly developed in the past decades into a family of highly-tunable non-volatile solvents. The combination yields materials with a unique set of properties, but also with many challenges ahead. In this review, we provide an overview of the key concepts in ionic liquid crystals, particularly from a molecular perspective. What are the important molecular parameters that determine the phase behavior? How should they be introduced into the molecules? Finally, which other tools does one have to realize specific properties in the material? View Full-Text
Keywords: ionic liquid crystals; liquid crystals; ionic liquids; imidazolium; smectic ionic liquid crystals; liquid crystals; ionic liquids; imidazolium; smectic
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Alvarez Fernandez, A.; Kouwer, P.H.J. Key Developments in Ionic Liquid Crystals. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 731.

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