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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(4), 569; doi:10.3390/ijms17040569

Molecular Mechanisms of the Anti-Obesity and Anti-Diabetic Properties of Flavonoids

Department of Animal Biotechnology, Animal Resources Research Center, Incurable Disease Animal Model and Stem Cell Institute (IDASI), Konkuk University, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 05029, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Toshiro Arai
Received: 12 March 2016 / Revised: 1 April 2016 / Accepted: 6 April 2016 / Published: 15 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research on Obesity and Diabetes)
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Abstract

Obesity and diabetes are the most prevailing health concerns worldwide and their incidence is increasing at a high rate, resulting in enormous social costs. Obesity is a complex disease commonly accompanied by insulin resistance and increases in oxidative stress and inflammatory marker expression, leading to augmented fat mass in the body. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by the destruction of pancreatic β cells or diminished insulin secretion and action insulin. Obesity causes the development of metabolic disorders such as DM, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and inflammation-based pathologies. Flavonoids are the secondary metabolites of plants and have 15-carbon skeleton structures containing two phenyl rings and a heterocyclic ring. More than 5000 naturally occurring flavonoids have been reported from various plants and have been found to possess many beneficial effects with advantages over chemical treatments. A number of studies have demonstrated the potential health benefits of natural flavonoids in treating obesity and DM, and show increased bioavailability and action on multiple molecular targets. This review summarizes the current progress in our understanding of the anti-obesity and anti-diabetic potential of natural flavonoids and their molecular mechanisms for preventing and/or treating obesity and diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: obesity; diabetes; flavonoids; anti-obesity; anti-diabetic; molecular mechanism obesity; diabetes; flavonoids; anti-obesity; anti-diabetic; molecular mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kawser Hossain, M.; Abdal Dayem, A.; Han, J.; Yin, Y.; Kim, K.; Kumar Saha, S.; Yang, G.-M.; Choi, H.Y.; Cho, S.-G. Molecular Mechanisms of the Anti-Obesity and Anti-Diabetic Properties of Flavonoids. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 569.

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