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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(4), 539; doi:10.3390/ijms17040539

Infectious Discitis and Spondylodiscitis in Children

Pediatric Highly Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, Università degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS Ca’ Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, 20122 Milan, Italy
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Academic Editor: Denis Girard
Received: 28 January 2016 / Revised: 18 March 2016 / Accepted: 1 April 2016 / Published: 9 April 2016
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Abstract

In children, infectious discitis (D) and infectious spondylodiscitis (SD) are rare diseases that can cause significant clinical problems, including spinal deformities and segmental instabilities. Moreover, when the infection spreads into the spinal channel, D and SD can cause devastating neurologic complications. Early diagnosis and treatment may reduce these risks. The main aim of this paper is to discuss recent concepts regarding the epidemiology, microbiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric D and SD. It is highlighted that particular attention must be paid to the identification of the causative infectious agent and its sensitivity to antibiotics, remembering that traditional culture frequently leads to negative results and modern molecular methods can significantly increase the detection rate. Several different bacterial pathogens can cause D and SD, and, in some cases, particularly those due to Staphylococcus aureus, Kingella kingae, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Brucella spp., the appropriate choice of drug is critical to achieve cure. View Full-Text
Keywords: discitis; osteoarticular infections; pediatric orthopedics; spondylodiscitis discitis; osteoarticular infections; pediatric orthopedics; spondylodiscitis
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Principi, N.; Esposito, S. Infectious Discitis and Spondylodiscitis in Children. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 539.

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