Wnt9A Induction Linked to Suppression of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation
AbstractMost studies of Wnt signaling in malignant tissues have focused on the canonical Wnt pathway (CWP) due to its role in stimulating cellular proliferation. The role of the non-canonical Wnt pathway (NCWP) in tissues with dysregulated Wnt signaling is not fully understood. Understanding NCWP’s role is important since these opposing pathways act in concert to maintain homeostasis in healthy tissues. Our preliminary studies demonstrated that LiCl inhibited proliferation of primary cells derived from colorectal cancer (CRC). Since LiCl stimulates cell proliferation in normal tissues and NCWP suppresses it, the present study was designed to investigate the impact of NCWP components in LiCl-mediated effects. LiCl-mediated inhibition of CRC cell proliferation (p < 0.001) and increased apoptosis (p < 0.01) coincided with 23-fold increase (p < 0.025) in the expression of the NCWP ligand, Wnt9A. LiCl also suppressed β-catenin mRNA (p < 0.03), total β-catenin protein (p < 0.025) and the active form of β-catenin. LiCl-mediated inhibition of CRC cell proliferation was partially reversed by IWP-2, and Wnt9A antibody. Recombinant Wnt9A protein emulated LiCl effects by suppressing β-catenin protein (p < 0.001), inhibiting proliferation (p < 0.001) and increasing apoptosis (p < 0.03). This is the first study to demonstrate induction of a NCWP ligand, Wnt9A as part of a mechanism for LiCl-mediated suppression of CRC cell proliferation. View Full-Text
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Ali, I.; Medegan, B.; Braun, D.P. Wnt9A Induction Linked to Suppression of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 495.
Ali I, Medegan B, Braun DP. Wnt9A Induction Linked to Suppression of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(4):495.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ali, Irshad; Medegan, Bani; Braun, Donald P. 2016. "Wnt9A Induction Linked to Suppression of Human Colorectal Cancer Cell Proliferation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 4: 495.
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