The Role of KV7.3 in Regulating Osteoblast Maturation and Mineralization
AbstractKCNQ (KV7) channels are voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels, and the function of KV7 channels in muscles, neurons, and sensory cells is well established. We confirmed that overall blockade of KV channels with tetraethylammonium augmented the mineralization of bone-marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells during osteogenic differentiation, and we determined that KV7.3 was expressed in MG-63 and Saos-2 cells at the mRNA and protein levels. In addition, functional KV7 currents were detected in MG-63 cells. Inhibition of KV7.3 by linopirdine or XE991 increased the matrix mineralization during osteoblast differentiation. This was confirmed by alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and osterix in MG-63 cells, whereas the expression of Runx2 showed no significant change. The extracellular glutamate secreted by osteoblasts was also measured to investigate its effect on MG-63 osteoblast differentiation. Blockade of KV7.3 promoted the release of glutamate via the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2-mediated upregulation of synapsin, and induced the deposition of type 1 collagen. However, activation of KV7.3 by flupirtine did not produce notable changes in matrix mineralization during osteoblast differentiation. These results suggest that KV7.3 could be a novel regulator in osteoblast differentiation. View Full-Text
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Yang, J.E.; Song, M.S.; Shen, Y.; Ryu, P.D.; Lee, S.Y. The Role of KV7.3 in Regulating Osteoblast Maturation and Mineralization. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 407.
Yang JE, Song MS, Shen Y, Ryu PD, Lee SY. The Role of KV7.3 in Regulating Osteoblast Maturation and Mineralization. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(3):407.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yang, Ji E.; Song, Min S.; Shen, Yiming; Ryu, Pan D.; Lee, So Y. 2016. "The Role of KV7.3 in Regulating Osteoblast Maturation and Mineralization." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 3: 407.
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