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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(3), 381; doi:10.3390/ijms17030381

Molecular Neurobiology and Promising New Treatment in Depression

Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Korea University, Ansan Hospital, 123, Jeokgeum-ro, Danwon-gu, Ansan-si, Gyeonggi-do, Seoul 15355, Korea
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Academic Editor: Kenji Hashimoto
Received: 26 January 2016 / Revised: 3 March 2016 / Accepted: 7 March 2016 / Published: 15 March 2016
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Abstract

The limited effects of currently available antidepressants are becoming an urgent issue in depression research. It takes a long time to determine treatment effects, and the overall remission rate is low. Although we expect the development of non-monoamine antidepressants in the near future, efforts in this regard over the past several decades have not yet been compensated. Thus, researchers and clinicians should clarify the neurobiological mechanisms of integrated modulators that regulate changes in genes, cells, the brain, and behaviors associated with depression. In this study, we review molecular neurobiological theories and new treatments for depression. Beyond neuroanatomy and monoamine theory, we discuss cells and molecules, neural plasticity, neurotrophisms, endocrine mechanisms, immunological mechanisms, genetics, circadian rhythms, and metabolic regulation in depression. In addition, we introduce the possibility of new antidepressant drug development using protein translation signaling (mTOR) pathways. View Full-Text
Keywords: depression; neurobiology; antidepressant; neural plasticity; BDNF; endocrine; immune; gene; mTOR depression; neurobiology; antidepressant; neural plasticity; BDNF; endocrine; immune; gene; mTOR
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Jeon, S.W.; Kim, Y.-K. Molecular Neurobiology and Promising New Treatment in Depression. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 381.

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