How to Study Biofilms after Microbial Colonization of Materials Used in Orthopaedic Implants
AbstractOver the years, various techniques have been proposed for the quantitative evaluation of microbial biofilms. Spectrophotometry after crystal violet staining is a widespread method for biofilm evaluation, but several data indicate that it does not guarantee a good specificity, although it is rather easy to use and cost saving. Confocal laser microscopy is one of the most sensitive and specific tools to study biofilms, and it is largely used for research. However, in some cases, no quantitative measurement of the matrix thickness or of the amount of embedded microorganisms has been performed, due to limitation in availability of dedicated software. For this reason, we have developed a protocol to evaluate the microbial biofilm formed on sandblasted titanium used for orthopaedic implants, that allows measurement of biomass volume and the amount of included cells. Results indicate good reproducibility in terms of measurement of biomass and microbial cells. Moreover, this protocol has proved to be applicable for evaluation of the efficacy of different anti-biofilm treatments used in the orthopaedic setting. Summing up, the protocol here described is a valid and inexpensive method for the study of microbial biofilm on prosthetic implant materials. View Full-Text
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Drago, L.; Agrappi, S.; Bortolin, M.; Toscano, M.; Romanò, C.L.; De Vecchi, E. How to Study Biofilms after Microbial Colonization of Materials Used in Orthopaedic Implants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 293.
Drago L, Agrappi S, Bortolin M, Toscano M, Romanò CL, De Vecchi E. How to Study Biofilms after Microbial Colonization of Materials Used in Orthopaedic Implants. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(3):293.Chicago/Turabian Style
Drago, Lorenzo; Agrappi, Serse; Bortolin, Monica; Toscano, Marco; Romanò, Carlo L.; De Vecchi, Elena. 2016. "How to Study Biofilms after Microbial Colonization of Materials Used in Orthopaedic Implants." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 3: 293.
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