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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(3), 271; doi:10.3390/ijms17030271

Using Copy Number Alterations to Identify New Therapeutic Targets for Bladder Carcinoma

1
School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano-Bicocca, 20900 Monza, Italy
2
Medical Genetics Laboratory, San Gerardo Hospital, 20900 Monza, Italy
3
Department of Pathology, San Gerardo Hospital, 20900 Monza, Italy
4
Urology Division, Bassini Icp Hospital, 20092 Cinisello Balsamo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 11 January 2016 / Revised: 17 February 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Advances in Molecular Oncology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [420 KB, uploaded 24 February 2016]   |  

Abstract

Bladder cancer represents the ninth most widespread malignancy throughout the world. It is characterized by the presence of two different clinical and prognostic subtypes: non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers (NMIBCs) and muscle-invasive bladder cancers (MIBCs). MIBCs have a poor outcome with a common progression to metastasis. Despite improvements in knowledge, treatment has not advanced significantly in recent years, with the absence of new therapeutic targets. Because of the limitations of current therapeutic options, the greater challenge will be to identify biomarkers for clinical application. For this reason, we compared our array comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) results with those reported in literature for invasive bladder tumors and, in particular, we focused on the evaluation of copy number alterations (CNAs) present in biopsies and retained in the corresponding cancer stem cell (CSC) subpopulations that should be the main target of therapy. According to our data, CCNE1, MYC, MDM2 and PPARG genes could be interesting therapeutic targets for bladder CSC subpopulations. Surprisingly, HER2 copy number gains are not retained in bladder CSCs, making the gene-targeted therapy less interesting than the others. These results provide precious advice for further study on bladder therapy; however, the clinical importance of these results should be explored. View Full-Text
Keywords: bladder cancer; transitional cell carcinomas; therapeutic targets; cancer stem cells; copy number alterations bladder cancer; transitional cell carcinomas; therapeutic targets; cancer stem cells; copy number alterations
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Conconi, D.; Sala, E.; Bovo, G.; Strada, G.; Dalprà, L.; Lavitrano, M.; Bentivegna, A. Using Copy Number Alterations to Identify New Therapeutic Targets for Bladder Carcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 271.

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