Investigation of Enantioselective Membrane Permeability of α-Lipoic Acid in Caco-2 and MDCKII Cell
Abstractα-Lipoic acid (LA) contains a chiral carbon and exists as two enantiomers (R-α-lipoic acid (RLA) and S-α-lipoic acid (SLA)). We previously demonstrated that oral bioavailability of RLA is better than that of SLA. This difference arose from the fraction absorbed multiplied by gastrointestinal availability (Fa × Fg) and hepatic availability (Fh) in the absorption phase. However, it remains unclear whether Fa and/or Fg are involved in enantioselectivity. In this study, Caco-2 cells and Madin–Darby canine kidney strain II cells were used to assess the enantioselectivity of membrane permeability. LA was actively transported from the apical side to basal side, regardless of the differences in its steric structure. Permeability rates were proportionally increased in the range of 10–250 µg LA/mL, and the permeability coefficient did not differ significantly between enantiomers. Hence, we conclude that enantioselective pharmacokinetics arose from the metabolism (Fh or Fg × Fh), and definitely not from the membrane permeation (Fa) in the absorption phase. View Full-Text
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Uchida, R.; Okamoto, H.; Ikuta, N.; Terao, K.; Hirota, T. Investigation of Enantioselective Membrane Permeability of α-Lipoic Acid in Caco-2 and MDCKII Cell. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 155.
Uchida R, Okamoto H, Ikuta N, Terao K, Hirota T. Investigation of Enantioselective Membrane Permeability of α-Lipoic Acid in Caco-2 and MDCKII Cell. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(2):155.Chicago/Turabian Style
Uchida, Ryota; Okamoto, Hinako; Ikuta, Naoko; Terao, Keiji; Hirota, Takashi. 2016. "Investigation of Enantioselective Membrane Permeability of α-Lipoic Acid in Caco-2 and MDCKII Cell." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 2: 155.
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