Relevance of MicroRNA200 Family and MicroRNA205 for Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Clinical Outcome in Biliary Tract Cancer Patients
AbstractExtensive stromal interaction is one reason for the dismal outcome of biliary tract cancer (BTC) patients. Epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in tumor invasion and metastasis and is partly regulated by microRNAs (miRs). This study explores the expression of anti-EMT miR200 family (miR141, −200a/b/c, −429) and miR205 as well as the EMT-related proteins E-cadherin and vimentin in a panel of BTC cell lines and clinical specimens by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot and immunohistochemistry, respectively. MicroRNA expression was correlated to (i) the expression patterns of E-cadherin and vimentin; (ii) clinicopathological characteristics; and (iii) survival data. MicroRNA-200 family and miR205 were expressed in all BTC cells and clinical specimens. E-cadherin and vimentin showed a mutually exclusive expression pattern in both, in vitro and in vivo. Expression of miR200 family members positively correlated with E-cadherin and negatively with vimentin expression in BTC cells and specimens. High expression of miR200 family members (but not miR205) and E-cadherin was associated with longer survival, while low miR200 family and high vimentin expression was a predictor of unfavorable survival. Overall, the current study demonstrates the relevance of the miR200 family in EMT of BTC tumors and suggests these miRs as predictors for positive outcome. View Full-Text
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Urbas, R.; Mayr, C.; Klieser, E.; Fuereder, J.; Bach, D.; Stättner, S.; Primavesi, F.; Jaeger, T.; Stanzer, S.; Ress, A.L.; Löffelberger, M.; Wagner, A.; Berr, F.; Ritter, M.; Pichler, M.; Neureiter, D.; Kiesslich, T. Relevance of MicroRNA200 Family and MicroRNA205 for Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Clinical Outcome in Biliary Tract Cancer Patients. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 2053.
Urbas R, Mayr C, Klieser E, Fuereder J, Bach D, Stättner S, Primavesi F, Jaeger T, Stanzer S, Ress AL, Löffelberger M, Wagner A, Berr F, Ritter M, Pichler M, Neureiter D, Kiesslich T. Relevance of MicroRNA200 Family and MicroRNA205 for Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Clinical Outcome in Biliary Tract Cancer Patients. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(12):2053.Chicago/Turabian Style
Urbas, Romana; Mayr, Christian; Klieser, Eckhard; Fuereder, Julia; Bach, Doris; Stättner, Stefan; Primavesi, Florian; Jaeger, Tarkan; Stanzer, Stefanie; Ress, Anna L.; Löffelberger, Magdalena; Wagner, Andrej; Berr, Frieder; Ritter, Markus; Pichler, Martin; Neureiter, Daniel; Kiesslich, Tobias. 2016. "Relevance of MicroRNA200 Family and MicroRNA205 for Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition and Clinical Outcome in Biliary Tract Cancer Patients." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 12: 2053.
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