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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1924; doi:10.3390/ijms17111924

Varietal Dependence of GLVs Accumulation and LOX-HPL Pathway Gene Expression in Four Vitis vinifera Wine Grapes

1
Center for Viticulture & Enology, College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
2
Department of Food Science and Engineering, College of Biological Sciences and Technology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
These authors equally contributed to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 16 August 2016 / Revised: 2 November 2016 / Accepted: 4 November 2016 / Published: 23 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Botany)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1957 KB, uploaded 23 November 2016]   |  

Abstract

Variety is one of the major factors influencing grape and wine aromatic characteristics. Green leaf volatiles (GLVs), derived from lipoxygenase-hydroperoxides lyase (LOX-HPL) pathway, are important components for the aromatic quality of grapes and wines. However, the varietal difference regarding GLVs accumulation and related gene expression are poorly studied. This work exhibited that the accumulation of various GLVs and the expression of LOX-HPL pathway genes in four Vitis vinifera wine grape cultivars: Syrah, Muscat Tchervine, Gewürztraminer and Chardonnay. The results showed a variety dependence of GLVs profile. Muscat Tchervine harvested grapes contained less C6 aldehydes and the most abundant esters, which corresponded to very low VvLOXA and VvHPL1 expression abundance as well as high VvAAT transcript in this variety. High expression level of both VvLOXA and VvHPL1 paralleled with higher level of C6 aldehydes together with higher alcohols in Syrah grape. Gewürztraminer and Chardonnay grapes had high aldehydes and alcohols as well as low esters, which were resulted from their higher expression level of VvLOXA or VvHPL1 and lower VvAAT. From these above corresponding relations, it is concluded that VvLOXA, VvHPL1 and VvAAT in the LOX-HPL pathway are targets for altering GLVs composition in the grape varieties. View Full-Text
Keywords: green leaf volatiles; grape variety; lipoxygenase-hydroperoxide lyase pathway green leaf volatiles; grape variety; lipoxygenase-hydroperoxide lyase pathway
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Qian, X.; Xu, X.-Q.; Yu, K.-J.; Zhu, B.-Q.; Lan, Y.-B.; Duan, C.-Q.; Pan, Q.-H. Varietal Dependence of GLVs Accumulation and LOX-HPL Pathway Gene Expression in Four Vitis vinifera Wine Grapes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1924.

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