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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(11), 1858; doi:10.3390/ijms17111858

The Multifaceted Roles of PI3Kγ in Hypertension, Vascular Biology, and Inflammation

1
Department of Angiocardioneurology and Translational Medicine, IRCCS Neuromed, 86077 Pozzilli, Italy
2
Department of Molecular Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00161 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shaker A. Mousa
Received: 1 September 2016 / Revised: 22 October 2016 / Accepted: 3 November 2016 / Published: 8 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Vascular Biology and Therapeutics)
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Abstract

PI3Kγ is a multifaceted protein, crucially involved in cardiovascular and immune systems. Several studies described the biological and physiological functions of this enzyme in the regulation of cardiovascular system, while others stressed its role in the modulation of immunity. Although PI3Kγ has been historically investigated for its role in leukocytes, the last decade of research also dedicated efforts to explore its functions in the cardiovascular system. In this review, we report an overview recapitulating how PI3Kγ signaling participates in the regulation of vascular functions involved in blood pressure regulation. Moreover, we also summarize the main functions of PI3Kγ in immune responses that could be potentially important in the interaction with the cardiovascular system. Considering that vascular and immune mechanisms are increasingly emerging as intertwining players in hypertension, PI3Kγ could be an intriguing pathway acting on both sides. The availability of specific inhibitors introduces a perspective of further translational research and clinical approaches that could be exploited in hypertension. View Full-Text
Keywords: PI3Kγ signaling; high blood pressure; immune cells PI3Kγ signaling; high blood pressure; immune cells
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Perrotta, M.; Lembo, G.; Carnevale, D. The Multifaceted Roles of PI3Kγ in Hypertension, Vascular Biology, and Inflammation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1858.

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