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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1607; doi:10.3390/ijms17101607

Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation (iTRAQ)-Based Comparative Proteome Analysis of the Response of Ramie under Drought Stress

1
Key Laboratory of Crop Ecophysiology and Farming Systems in the Middle Reaches of the Yangtze River, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
2
Flower Research and Development Centre, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou 311202, China
3
School of Agricultural Science, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Setsuko Komatsu
Received: 18 May 2016 / Revised: 17 August 2016 / Accepted: 15 September 2016 / Published: 27 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Proteomic Research)
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Abstract

In this study, we conducted the first isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ))-based comparative proteomic analysis of ramie plantlets after 0 (minor drought stress), 24 (moderate drought stress), and 72 h (severe drought stress) of treatment with 15% (w/v) poly (ethylene glycol)6000 (PEG6000) to simulate drought stress. In our study, the association analysis of proteins and transcript expression revealed 1244 and 968 associated proteins identified in leaves and roots, respectively. L1, L2, and L3 are leaf samples which were harvested at 0, 24, and 72 h after being treated with 15% PEG6000, respectively. Among those treatment groups, a total of 118, 216, and 433 unique proteins were identified as differentially expressed during L1 vs. L2, L2 vs. L3, and L1 vs. L3, respectively. R1, R2, and R3 are root samples which were harvested at 0, 24, and 72 h after being treated with 15% PEG6000, respectively. Among those treatment groups,a total of 124, 27, and 240 unique proteins were identified as differentially expressed during R1 vs. R2, R2 vs. R3, and R1 vs. R3, respectively. Bioinformatics analysis indicated that glycolysis/gluconeogenesis was significantly upregulated in roots in response to drought stress. This enhancement may result in more glycolytically generated adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in roots to adapt to adverse environmental conditions. To obtain complementary information related to iTRAQ data, the mRNA levels of 12 proteins related to glycolysis/gluconeogenesis in leaves and 7 in roots were further analyzed by qPCR. Most of their expression levels were higher in R3 than R1 and R2, suggesting that these compounds may promote drought tolerance by modulating the production of available energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: comparative proteome analysis; drought stress; ramie; isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) comparative proteome analysis; drought stress; ramie; isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ)
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MDPI and ACS Style

An, X.; Zhang, J.; Dai, L.; Deng, G.; Liao, Y.; Liu, L.; Wang, B.; Peng, D. Isobaric Tags for Relative and Absolute Quantitation (iTRAQ)-Based Comparative Proteome Analysis of the Response of Ramie under Drought Stress. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1607.

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