Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics of α-Lipoic Acid in Rats
Abstractα-Lipoic acid (LA) is widely used for nutritional supplements as a racemic mixture, even though the R enantiomer is biologically active. After oral administration of the racemic mixture (R-α-lipoic acid (RLA) and S-α-lipoic acid (SLA) mixed at the ratio of 50:50) to rats, RLA showed higher plasma concentration than SLA, and its area under the plasma concentration-time curve from time zero to the last (AUC) was significantly about 1.26 times higher than that of SLA. However, after intravenous administration of the racemic mixture, the pharmacokinetic profiles, initial concentration (C0), AUC, and half-life (T1/2) of the enantiomers were not significantly different. After oral and intraduodenal administration of the racemic mixture to pyrolus-ligated rats, the AUCs of RLA were significantly about 1.24 and 1.32 times higher than that of SLA, respectively. In addition, after intraportal administration the AUC of RLA was significantly 1.16 times higher than that of SLA. In conclusion, the enantioselective pharmacokinetics of LA in rats arose from the fraction absorbed multiplied by gastrointestinal availability (FaFg) and hepatic availability (Fh), and not from the total clearance. View Full-Text
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Uchida, R.; Okamoto, H.; Ikuta, N.; Terao, K.; Hirota, T. Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics of α-Lipoic Acid in Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 22781-22794.
Uchida R, Okamoto H, Ikuta N, Terao K, Hirota T. Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics of α-Lipoic Acid in Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(9):22781-22794.Chicago/Turabian Style
Uchida, Ryota; Okamoto, Hinako; Ikuta, Naoko; Terao, Keiji; Hirota, Takashi. 2015. "Enantioselective Pharmacokinetics of α-Lipoic Acid in Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 9: 22781-22794.