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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(9), 21428-21441; doi:10.3390/ijms160921428

Nutritive Evaluation of the Bambara Groundnut Ci12 Landrace [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. (Fabaceae)] Produced in Côte d’Ivoire

1
Laboratory of Food Biochemical and Tropical Products Technology, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
2
Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences DEFENS, University of Milan, Via Celoria 2, 20133 Milano, Italy
3
Department of Food Science, University of Parma, Parco Area delle Scienze 47/A, 43124 Parma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 5 July 2015 / Revised: 4 August 2015 / Accepted: 10 August 2015 / Published: 7 September 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [688 KB, uploaded 7 September 2015]

Abstract

The nutritional evaluation of the Bambara groundnut Ci12 landrace (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) seeds produced in Côte d’Ivoire shows a 19% content of protein, containing all the essential amino acids with tryptophan as the limiting amino acid, a total dietary fiber level of 10%, with a low soluble fraction content, and a fat content of 1.4%, with a high proportion of total unsaturated fatty acids (61%) of which 36% were n-6 fatty acids. This legume contains phosphorus, as the major mineral, followed by magnesium and calcium, and trace elements (iron, copper and zinc). It is characterized by the same amount of α-tocopherol and antioxidant capacity as common legumes. The high concentration of essential amino acids, n-6 fatty acids and minerals, mainly Fe, in the Ci12 landrace of Bambara groundnut indicates that this local legume has the potentiality to improve the nutritional status in Côte d’Ivoire and it could be regarded as a nutrient dense food. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea); nutritional quality; polyphenols; antioxidant capacity; minerals; phytic acid Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea); nutritional quality; polyphenols; antioxidant capacity; minerals; phytic acid
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Yao, D.N.; Kouassi, K.N.; Erba, D.; Scazzina, F.; Pellegrini, N.; Casiraghi, M.C. Nutritive Evaluation of the Bambara Groundnut Ci12 Landrace [Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. (Fabaceae)] Produced in Côte d’Ivoire. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 21428-21441.

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