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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(9), 20308-20325; doi:10.3390/ijms160920308

Classification of Magnetic Nanoparticle Systems—Synthesis, Standardization and Analysis Methods in the NanoMag Project

1
Acreo Swedish ICT AB, Arvid Hedvalls Backe 4, Box 53071, SE-400 14 Göteborg, Sweden
2
SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Box 5607, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden
3
Institute of Electrical Measurement and Fundamental Electrical Engineering, TU Braunschweig D-38106, Germany
4
Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid, ICMM-CSIC, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain
5
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, D-10587 Berlin, Germany
6
Department of Micro and Nanotechnology, Technical University of Denmark, DTU Nanotech, Building 345 East, Kgs. Lyngby DK-2800, Denmark
7
National Physical Laboratory, TW11 0LW Teddington, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: O. Thompson Mefford
Received: 3 July 2015 / Revised: 14 August 2015 / Accepted: 19 August 2015 / Published: 27 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Nanoparticles 2015)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2289 KB, uploaded 27 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

This study presents classification of different magnetic single- and multi-core particle systems using their measured dynamic magnetic properties together with their nanocrystal and particle sizes. The dynamic magnetic properties are measured with AC (dynamical) susceptometry and magnetorelaxometry and the size parameters are determined from electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering. Using these methods, we also show that the nanocrystal size and particle morphology determines the dynamic magnetic properties for both single- and multi-core particles. The presented results are obtained from the four year EU NMP FP7 project, NanoMag, which is focused on standardization of analysis methods for magnetic nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: magnetic nanoparticles; nanostructures; standardization; magnetic synthesis; magnetic analysis; magnetic material magnetic nanoparticles; nanostructures; standardization; magnetic synthesis; magnetic analysis; magnetic material
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Bogren, S.; Fornara, A.; Ludwig, F.; del Puerto Morales, M.; Steinhoff, U.; Hansen, M.F.; Kazakova, O.; Johansson, C. Classification of Magnetic Nanoparticle Systems—Synthesis, Standardization and Analysis Methods in the NanoMag Project. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 20308-20325.

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