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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(8), 19836-19850; doi:10.3390/ijms160819836

Mitochondrial Transcription Factor A and Mitochondrial Genome as Molecular Targets for Cisplatin-Based Cancer Chemotherapy

1
Asahi Matsumoto Hospital, Kokuramimami-ku Tsuda, Kitakyushu-shi 800-0242, Japan
2
Shared-Use Research Center, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
3
Department of Neurosurgery, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
4
Department of Gynecology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
5
Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, School of Medicine, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
6
Department of Radiology, Beppu Hospital, Kyushu University, Beppu 874-0838, Japan
7
Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
8
Second Department of Internal Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health School of Medicine, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
9
Department of Occupational Pneumology, Institute of Industrial Ecological Science, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu-shi 807-8555, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lars Olson, Jaime M. Ross and Giuseppe Coppotelli
Received: 16 May 2015 / Revised: 28 July 2015 / Accepted: 7 August 2015 / Published: 20 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Ageing and Diseases)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1319 KB, uploaded 20 August 2015]   |  

Abstract

Mitochondria are important cellular organelles that function as control centers of the energy supply for highly proliferative cancer cells and regulate apoptosis after cancer chemotherapy. Cisplatin is one of the most important chemotherapeutic agents and a key drug in therapeutic regimens for a broad range of solid tumors. Cisplatin may directly interact with mitochondria, which can induce apoptosis. The direct interactions between cisplatin and mitochondria may account for our understanding of the clinical activity of cisplatin and development of resistance. However, the basis for the roles of mitochondria under treatment with chemotherapy is poorly understood. In this review, we present novel aspects regarding the unique characteristics of the mitochondrial genome in relation to the use of platinum-based chemotherapy and describe our recent work demonstrating the importance of the mitochondrial transcription factor A (mtTFA) expression in cancer cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: mtTFA; mtDNA; cisplatin; cancer chemotherapy; prognosis mtTFA; mtDNA; cisplatin; cancer chemotherapy; prognosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kohno, K.; Wang, K.-Y.; Takahashi, M.; Kurita, T.; Yoshida, Y.; Hirakawa, M.; Harada, Y.; Kuma, A.; Izumi, H.; Matsumoto, S. Mitochondrial Transcription Factor A and Mitochondrial Genome as Molecular Targets for Cisplatin-Based Cancer Chemotherapy. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 19836-19850.

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