Intracellular Delivery of Molecular Cargo Using Cell-Penetrating Peptides and the Combination Strategies
AbstractCell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) can cross cellular membranes in a non-toxic fashion, improving the intracellular delivery of various molecular cargos such as nanoparticles, small molecules and plasmid DNA. Because CPPs provide a safe, efficient, and non-invasive mode of transport for various cargos into cells, they have been developed as vectors for the delivery of genetic and biologic products in recent years. Most common CPPs are positively charged peptides. While delivering negatively charged molecules (e.g., nucleic acids) to target cells, the internalization efficiency of CPPs is reduced and inhibited because the cationic charges on the CPPs are neutralized through the covering of CPPs by cargos on the structure. Even under these circumstances, the CPPs can still be non-covalently complexed with the negatively charged molecules. To address this issue, combination strategies of CPPs with other typical carriers provide a promising and novel delivery system. This review summarizes the latest research work in using CPPs combined with molecular cargos including liposomes, polymers, cationic peptides, nanoparticles, adeno-associated virus (AAV) and calcium for the delivery of genetic products, especially for small interfering RNA (siRNA). This combination strategy remedies the reduced internalization efficiency caused by neutralization. View Full-Text
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Li, H.; Tsui, T.Y.; Ma, W. Intracellular Delivery of Molecular Cargo Using Cell-Penetrating Peptides and the Combination Strategies. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 19518-19536.
Li H, Tsui TY, Ma W. Intracellular Delivery of Molecular Cargo Using Cell-Penetrating Peptides and the Combination Strategies. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(8):19518-19536.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Hua; Tsui, Tung Y.; Ma, Wenxue. 2015. "Intracellular Delivery of Molecular Cargo Using Cell-Penetrating Peptides and the Combination Strategies." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 8: 19518-19536.