Hydrogels for Engineering of Perfusable Vascular Networks
AbstractHydrogels are commonly used biomaterials for tissue engineering. With their high-water content, good biocompatibility and biodegradability they resemble the natural extracellular environment and have been widely used as scaffolds for 3D cell culture and studies of cell biology. The possible size of such hydrogel constructs with embedded cells is limited by the cellular demand for oxygen and nutrients. For the fabrication of large and complex tissue constructs, vascular structures become necessary within the hydrogels to supply the encapsulated cells. In this review, we discuss the types of hydrogels that are currently used for the fabrication of constructs with embedded vascular networks, the key properties of hydrogels needed for this purpose and current techniques to engineer perfusable vascular structures into these hydrogels. We then discuss directions for future research aimed at engineering of vascularized tissue for implantation. View Full-Text
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Liu, J.; Zheng, H.; Poh, P.S.P.; Machens, H.-G.; Schilling, A.F. Hydrogels for Engineering of Perfusable Vascular Networks. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 15997-16016.
Liu J, Zheng H, Poh PSP, Machens H-G, Schilling AF. Hydrogels for Engineering of Perfusable Vascular Networks. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(7):15997-16016.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Juan; Zheng, Huaiyuan; Poh, Patrina S.P.; Machens, Hans-Günther; Schilling, Arndt F. 2015. "Hydrogels for Engineering of Perfusable Vascular Networks." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 7: 15997-16016.