BubR1 Acts as a Promoter in Cellular Motility of Human Oral Squamous Cancer Cells through Regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9
AbstractBubR1 is a critical component of spindle assembly checkpoint, ensuring proper chromatin segregation during mitosis. Recent studies showed that BubR1 was overexpressed in many cancer cells, including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). However, the effect of BubR1 on metastasis of OSCC remains unclear. This study aimed to unravel the role of BubR1 in the progression of OSCC and confirm the expression of BubR1 in a panel of malignant OSCC cell lines with different invasive abilities. The results of quantitative real-time PCR showed that the mRNA level of BubR1 was markedly increased in four OSCC cell lines, Ca9-22, HSC3, SCC9 and Cal-27 cells, compared to two normal cells, normal human oral keratinocytes (HOK) and human gingival fibroblasts (HGF). Moreover, the expression of BubR1 in these four OSCC cell lines was positively correlated with their motility. Immunofluorescence revealed that BubR1 was mostly localized in the cytosol of human gingival carcinoma Ca9-22 cells. BubR1 knockdown significantly decreased cellular invasion but slightly affect cellular proliferation on both Ca9-22 and Cal-27 cells. Consistently, the activities of metastasis-associated metalloproteinases MMP-2 and MMP-9 were attenuated in BubR1 knockdown Ca9-22 cells, suggesting the role of BubR1 in promotion of OSCC migration. Our present study defines an alternative pathway in promoting metastasis of OSCC cells, and the expression of BubR1 could be a prognostic index in OSCC patients. View Full-Text
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Chou, C.-K.; Wu, C.-Y.; Chen, J.Y.-F.; Ng, M.-C.; Wang, H.-M.D.; Chen, J.-H.; Yuan, S.-S.F.; Tsai, E.-M.; Chang, J.-G.; Chiu, C.-C. BubR1 Acts as a Promoter in Cellular Motility of Human Oral Squamous Cancer Cells through Regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 15104-15117.
Chou C-K, Wu C-Y, Chen JY-F, Ng M-C, Wang H-MD, Chen J-H, Yuan S-SF, Tsai E-M, Chang J-G, Chiu C-C. BubR1 Acts as a Promoter in Cellular Motility of Human Oral Squamous Cancer Cells through Regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(7):15104-15117.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chou, Chou-Kit; Wu, Chang-Yi; Chen, Jeff Y.-F.; Ng, Ming-Chong; Wang, Hui-Min D.; Chen, Jen-Hao; Yuan, Shyng-Shiou F.; Tsai, Eing-Mei; Chang, Jan-Gowth; Chiu, Chien-Chih. 2015. "BubR1 Acts as a Promoter in Cellular Motility of Human Oral Squamous Cancer Cells through Regulating MMP-2 and MMP-9." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 7: 15104-15117.