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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(6), 12616-12630; doi:10.3390/ijms160612616

Engraftment of Prevascularized, Tissue Engineered Constructs in a Novel Rabbit Segmental Bone Defect Model

1
Clinic for Plastic, Reconstructive, Aesthetic and Hand Surgery, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
2
Institute for Surgical Research and Hospital Management, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
3
Clinic for Oral and Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital Basel, 4031 Basel, Switzerland
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mohamed N. Rahaman
Received: 22 March 2015 / Revised: 20 April 2015 / Accepted: 26 May 2015 / Published: 4 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2113 KB, uploaded 4 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

The gold standard treatment of large segmental bone defects is autologous bone transfer, which suffers from low availability and additional morbidity. Tissue engineered bone able to engraft orthotopically and a suitable animal model for pre-clinical testing are direly needed. This study aimed to evaluate engraftment of tissue-engineered bone with different prevascularization strategies in a novel segmental defect model in the rabbit humerus. Decellularized bone matrix (Tutobone) seeded with bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells was used directly orthotopically or combined with a vessel and inserted immediately (1-step) or only after six weeks of subcutaneous “incubation” (2-step). After 12 weeks, histological and radiological assessment was performed. Variable callus formation was observed. No bone formation or remodeling of the graft through TRAP positive osteoclasts could be detected. Instead, a variable amount of necrotic tissue formed. Although necrotic area correlated significantly with amount of vessels and the 2-step strategy had significantly more vessels than the 1-step strategy, no significant reduction of necrotic area was found. In conclusion, the animal model developed here represents a highly challenging situation, for which a suitable engineered bone graft with better prevascularization, better resorbability and higher osteogenicity has yet to be developed. View Full-Text
Keywords: animal model; decellularized bone; tissue engineering; osteosynthesis vascularization; bone resorption animal model; decellularized bone; tissue engineering; osteosynthesis vascularization; bone resorption
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kaempfen, A.; Todorov, A.; Güven, S.; Largo, R.D.; Jaquiéry, C.; Scherberich, A.; Martin, I.; Schaefer, D.J. Engraftment of Prevascularized, Tissue Engineered Constructs in a Novel Rabbit Segmental Bone Defect Model. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 12616-12630.

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