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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(6), 12382-12404; doi:10.3390/ijms160612382

Hemipteran Mitochondrial Genomes: Features, Structures and Implications for Phylogeny

1
Key Laboratory of Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
2
College of Life Sciences, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ritva Tikkanen
Received: 8 April 2015 / Revised: 30 April 2015 / Accepted: 26 May 2015 / Published: 1 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

The study of Hemipteran mitochondrial genomes (mitogenomes) began with the Chagas disease vector, Triatoma dimidiata, in 2001. At present, 90 complete Hemipteran mitogenomes have been sequenced and annotated. This review examines the history of Hemipteran mitogenomes research and summarizes the main features of them including genome organization, nucleotide composition, protein-coding genes, tRNAs and rRNAs, and non-coding regions. Special attention is given to the comparative analysis of repeat regions. Gene rearrangements are an additional data type for a few families, and most mitogenomes are arranged in the same order to the proposed ancestral insect. We also discuss and provide insights on the phylogenetic analyses of a variety of taxonomic levels. This review is expected to further expand our understanding of research in this field and serve as a valuable reference resource. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hemiptera; mitogenomes; rearrangement; phylogenetic relationships Hemiptera; mitogenomes; rearrangement; phylogenetic relationships
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, Y.; Chen, J.; Jiang, L.-Y.; Qiao, G.-X. Hemipteran Mitochondrial Genomes: Features, Structures and Implications for Phylogeny. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 12382-12404.

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