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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(5), 11417-11438; doi:10.3390/ijms160511417

Identification and Expression Analysis of Candidate Genes Associated with Defense Responses to Phytophthora capsici in Pepper Line “PI 201234”

Beijing Key Laboratory of Growth and Developmental Regulation for Protected Vegetable Crops, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Received: 14 March 2015 / Revised: 27 April 2015 / Accepted: 28 April 2015 / Published: 18 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant Molecular Biology)
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Abstract

Phytophthora capsici (Leonian), classified as an oomycete, seriously threatens the production of pepper (Capsicum annuum). Current understanding of the defense responses in pepper to P. capsici is limited. In this study, RNA-sequencing analysis was utilized to identify differentially expressed genes in the resistant line “PI 201234”, with 1220 differentially expressed genes detected. Of those genes, 480 were up-regulated and 740 were down-regulated, with 211 candidate genes found to be involved in defense responses based on the gene annotations. Furthermore, the expression patterns of 12 candidate genes were further validated via quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). These genes were found to be significantly up-regulated at different time points post-inoculation (6 hpi, 24 hpi, and 5 dpi) in the resistant line “PI 201234” and susceptible line “Qiemen”. Seven genes were found to be involved in cell wall modification, phytoalexin biosynthesis, symptom development, and phytohormone signaling pathways, thus possibly playing important roles in combating exogenous pathogens. The genes identified herein will provide a basis for further gene cloning and functional verification studies and will aid in an understanding of the regulatory mechanism of pepper resistance to P. capsici. View Full-Text
Keywords: RNA-seq; Capsicum annuum; Phytophthora capsici; defense response; gene expression RNA-seq; Capsicum annuum; Phytophthora capsici; defense response; gene expression
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, P.; Liu, X.; Guo, J.; Liu, C.; Fu, N.; Shen, H. Identification and Expression Analysis of Candidate Genes Associated with Defense Responses to Phytophthora capsici in Pepper Line “PI 201234”. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 11417-11438.

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