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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(4), 6757-6782; doi:10.3390/ijms16046757

In Silico Analysis of the Genes Encoding Proteins that Are Involved in the Biosynthesis of the RMS/MAX/D Pathway Revealed New Roles of Strigolactones in Plants

1
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia, Katowice 40-032, Poland
2
Department of Physiology and Cell Biology, Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben 06466, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Received: 26 January 2015 / Accepted: 23 March 2015 / Published: 25 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Chemistry, Theoretical and Computational Chemistry)
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Abstract

Strigolactones were described as a new group of phytohormones in 2008 and since then notable large number of their functions has been uncovered, including the regulation of plant growth and development, interactions with other organisms and a plant’s response to different abiotic stresses. In the last year, investigations of the strigolactone biosynthesis pathway in two model species, Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa, resulted in great progress in understanding the functions of four enzymes that are involved in this process. We performed in silico analyses, including the identification of the cis-regulatory elements in the promoters of genes encoding proteins of the strigolactone biosynthesis pathway and the identification of the miRNAs that are able to regulate their posttranscriptional level. We also searched the databases that contain the microarray data for the genes that were analyzed from both species in order to check their expression level under different growth conditions. The results that were obtained indicate that there are universal regulations of expression of all of the genes that are involved in the strigolactone biosynthesis in Arabidopsis and rice, but on the other hand each stage of strigolactone production may be additionally regulated independently. This work indicates the presence of crosstalk between strigolactones and almost all of the other phytohormones and suggests the role of strigolactones in the response to abiotic stresses, such as wounding, cold or flooding, as well as in the response to biotic stresses. View Full-Text
Keywords: abiotic and biotic stresses; biosynthesis; expression; hormone crosstalk; in silico analysis; promoter; strigolactones abiotic and biotic stresses; biosynthesis; expression; hormone crosstalk; in silico analysis; promoter; strigolactones
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Marzec, M.; Muszynska, A. In Silico Analysis of the Genes Encoding Proteins that Are Involved in the Biosynthesis of the RMS/MAX/D Pathway Revealed New Roles of Strigolactones in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 6757-6782.

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Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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