Transcriptome Analysis in Rat Kidneys: Importance of Genes Involved in Programmed Hypertension
AbstractSuboptimal conditions in pregnancy can elicit long-term effects on the health of offspring. The most common outcome is programmed hypertension. We examined whether there are common genes and pathways in the kidney are responsible for generating programmed hypertension among three different models using next generation RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) technology. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats received dexamethasone (DEX, 0.1 mg/kg) from gestational day 16 to 22, 60% high-fructose (HF) diet, or NG-nitro-l-arginine-methyester (l-NAME, 60 mg/kg/day) to conduct DEX, HF, or l-NAME model respectively. All three models elicited programmed hypertension in adult male offspring. We observed five shared genes (Bcl6, Dmrtc1c, Egr1, Inmt, and Olr1668) among three different models. The identified differential genes (DEGs) that are related to regulation of blood pressure included Aqp2, Ptgs1, Eph2x, Hba-a2, Apln, Guca2b, Hmox1, and Npy. RNA-Seq identified genes in arachidonic acid metabolism are potentially gatekeeper genes contributing to programmed hypertension. In addition, HF and DEX increased expression and activity of soluble epoxide hydrolase (Ephx2 gene encoding protein). Conclusively, the DEGs in arachidonic acid metabolism are potentially gatekeeper genes in programmed hypertension. The roles of DEGs identified by the RNA-Seq in this study deserve further clarification, to develop the potential interventions in the prevention of programmed hypertension. View Full-Text
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Tain, Y.-L.; Huang, L.-T.; Chan, J.Y.H.; Lee, C.-T. Transcriptome Analysis in Rat Kidneys: Importance of Genes Involved in Programmed Hypertension. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 4744-4758.
Tain Y-L, Huang L-T, Chan JYH, Lee C-T. Transcriptome Analysis in Rat Kidneys: Importance of Genes Involved in Programmed Hypertension. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(3):4744-4758.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tain, You-Lin; Huang, Li-Tung; Chan, Julie Y.H.; Lee, Chien-Te. 2015. "Transcriptome Analysis in Rat Kidneys: Importance of Genes Involved in Programmed Hypertension." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 3: 4744-4758.