The Use of the Schizonticidal Agent Quinine Sulfate to Prevent Pond Crashes for Algal-Biofuel Production
AbstractAlgal biofuels are investigated as a promising alternative to petroleum fuel sources to satisfy transportation demand. Despite the high growth rate of algae, predation by rotifers, ciliates, golden algae, and other predators will cause an algae in open ponds to crash. In this study, Chlorella kessleri was used as a model alga and the freshwater rotifer, Brachionus calyciflorus, as a model predator. The goal of this study was to test the selective toxicity of the chemical, quinine sulfate (QS), on both the alga and the rotifer in order to fully inhibit the rotifer while minimizing its impact on algal growth. The QS LC50 for B. calyciflorus was 17 µM while C. kessleri growth was not inhibited at concentrations <25 µM. In co-culture, complete inhibition of rotifers was observed when the QS concentration was 7.7 µM, while algal growth was not affected. QS applications to produce 1 million gallons of biodiesel in one year are estimated to be $0.04/gallon or ~1% of Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO) projected cost of $5/gge (gallon gasoline equivalent). This provides algae farmers an important tool to manage grazing predators in algae mass cultures and avoid pond crashes. View Full-Text
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Xu, C.; Wu, K.; Van Ginkel, S.W.; Igou, T.; Lee, H.J.; Bhargava, A.; Johnston, R.; Snell, T.; Chen, Y. The Use of the Schizonticidal Agent Quinine Sulfate to Prevent Pond Crashes for Algal-Biofuel Production. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 27450-27456.
Xu C, Wu K, Van Ginkel SW, Igou T, Lee HJ, Bhargava A, Johnston R, Snell T, Chen Y. The Use of the Schizonticidal Agent Quinine Sulfate to Prevent Pond Crashes for Algal-Biofuel Production. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(11):27450-27456.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xu, Chunyan; Wu, Kangyan; Van Ginkel, Steve W.; Igou, Thomas; Lee, Hwa J.; Bhargava, Aditya; Johnston, Rachel; Snell, Terry; Chen, Yongsheng. 2015. "The Use of the Schizonticidal Agent Quinine Sulfate to Prevent Pond Crashes for Algal-Biofuel Production." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 11: 27450-27456.