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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(11), 27422-27432; doi:10.3390/ijms161126038

A Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Strategy for Molecular Evaluation of Nicotine Conversion in Burley Tobacco

1
College of Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
2
National Tobacco Gene Center, Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute, Zhengzhou 450001, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Stephen A. Bustin
Received: 13 October 2015 / Revised: 5 November 2015 / Accepted: 10 November 2015 / Published: 17 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2169 KB, uploaded 17 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Nornicotine production in Nicotiana tabacum is undesirable because it is the precursor of the carcinogen N′-nitrosonornicotine. In some individual burley tobacco plants, a large proportion of the nicotine can be converted to nornicotine, and this process of nicotine conversion is mediated primarily by enzymatic N-demethylation of nicotine which is controlled mainly by CYP82E4. Here we report a novel strategy based on quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method, which analyzed the ratio of nicotine conversion through examining the transcript level of CYP82E4 in burley leaves and do not need ethylene induction before detected. The assay was linear in a range from 1 × 101 to 1 × 105 copies/mL of serially diluted standards, and also showed high specificity and reproducibility (93%–99%). To assess its applicability, 55 plants of burley cultivar Ky8959 at leaf maturing stage were analyzed, and the results were in accordance with those from gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. Moreover, a linear correlation existed between conversion level and CYP82E4 transcript abundance. Taken together, the quantitative real-time PCR assay is standardized, rapid and reproducible for estimation of nicotine conversion level in vivo, which is expected to shed new light on monitoring of burley tobacco converter. View Full-Text
Keywords: CYP82E4; burley tobacco; nicotine conversion; quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) CYP82E4; burley tobacco; nicotine conversion; quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sun, B.; Xue, S.-L.; Zhang, F.; Luo, Z.-P.; Wu, M.-Z.; Chen, Q.; Tang, H.-R.; Lin, F.-C.; Yang, J. A Quantitative Real-Time PCR-Based Strategy for Molecular Evaluation of Nicotine Conversion in Burley Tobacco. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 27422-27432.

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