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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(11), 26629-26643; doi:10.3390/ijms161125984

The Role of Autophagy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu 700-712, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: William Chi-shing Cho
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 26 October 2015 / Accepted: 30 October 2015 / Published: 6 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Classification of Human Cancer: Diagnosis and Treatment)
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Abstract

Autophagy is a catabolic process involved in cellular homeostasis under basal and stressed conditions. Autophagy is crucial for normal liver physiology and the pathogenesis of liver diseases. During the last decade, the function of autophagy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been evaluated extensively. Currently, autophagy is thought to play a dual role in HCC, i.e., autophagy is involved in tumorigenesis and tumor suppression. Recent investigations of autophagy have suggested that autophagy biomarkers can facilitate HCC prognosis and the establishment of therapeutic approaches. In this review, we briefly summarize the current understanding of autophagy and discuss recent evidence for its role in HCC. View Full-Text
Keywords: hepatocellular carcinoma; autophagy; tumorigenesis; tumor suppression; prognosis; therapy hepatocellular carcinoma; autophagy; tumorigenesis; tumor suppression; prognosis; therapy
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Lee, Y.J.; Jang, B.K. The Role of Autophagy in Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 26629-26643.

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