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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 25154-25167; doi:10.3390/ijms161025154

The Role of Autophagy in Lupus Nephritis

Department of Health Technology and Informatics, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hunghom, Hong Kong, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chak-Sing Lau, Vera Sau-Fong Chan and Alan Parrish
Received: 29 June 2015 / Revised: 5 October 2015 / Accepted: 19 October 2015 / Published: 22 October 2015
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Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multifactorial autoimmune disease characterized by the generation of immune responses to self-antigens. Lupus nephritis is one of the most common and severe complications in SLE patients. Though the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis has been studied extensively, unresolved questions are still left and new therapeutic methods are needed for disease control. Autophagy is a conserved catabolic process through which cytoplasmic constituents can be degraded in lysosome and reused. Autophagy plays vital roles in maintaining cell homeostasis and is involved in the pathogenesis of many diseases. In particular, autophagy can affect almost all parts of the immune system and is involved in autoimmune diseases. Based on genetic analysis, cell biology, and mechanism studies of the classic and innovative therapeutic drugs, there are growing lines of evidence suggesting the relationship between autophagy and lupus nephritis. In the present review, we summarize the recent publications investigating the relationship between autophagy and lupus nephritis and provide a new perspective towards the pathogenesis of lupus nephritis. View Full-Text
Keywords: autophagy; lupus nephritis; systemic lupus erythematosus autophagy; lupus nephritis; systemic lupus erythematosus
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, L.; Law, H.K.W. The Role of Autophagy in Lupus Nephritis. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 25154-25167.

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