Antiproliferative Activity and in Vivo Toxicity of Double-Point Modified Analogs of 1,25-Dihydroxyergocalciferol
AbstractAnalogs of 1,25-dihydroxyergocalciferol, modified in the side-chain and in the A-ring, were tested for their antiproliferative activity against a series of human cancer cell lines in vitro and in vivo toxicity. The proliferation inhibition caused by the analogs was higher than that of the parent compounds, while the toxicity, measured as the serum calcium level, was lower. All analogs were able to induce, in HL-60 and MV4-11 leukemic cells, G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and differentiation expressed as morphological signs typical for monocytes. The analogs also induced the expression of CD11b and/or CD14 cell-differentiation markers. The most potent analogs, PRI-5105, PRI-5106, PRI-5201 and PRI-5202, were also able to induce vitamin D receptor (VDR) protein expression, mainly in the cytoplasmic fraction of HL-60 or MV4-11 cells. The most active analogs were the 19-nor ones with an extended and rigidified side-chain (PRI-5201 and PRI-5202), as in the former analogs PRI-1906 and PRI-1907. Epimerization at C-24 (PRI-5101) or introduction of an additional hydroxyl at C-23 (PRI-5104) reduced the toxicity of the analog with retained antiproliferative activity. View Full-Text
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Trynda, J.; Turlej, E.; Milczarek, M.; Pietraszek, A.; Chodyński, M.; Kutner, A.; Wietrzyk, J. Antiproliferative Activity and in Vivo Toxicity of Double-Point Modified Analogs of 1,25-Dihydroxyergocalciferol. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 24873-24894.
Trynda J, Turlej E, Milczarek M, Pietraszek A, Chodyński M, Kutner A, Wietrzyk J. Antiproliferative Activity and in Vivo Toxicity of Double-Point Modified Analogs of 1,25-Dihydroxyergocalciferol. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(10):24873-24894.Chicago/Turabian Style
Trynda, Justyna; Turlej, Eliza; Milczarek, Magdalena; Pietraszek, Anita; Chodyński, Michał; Kutner, Andrzej; Wietrzyk, Joanna. 2015. "Antiproliferative Activity and in Vivo Toxicity of Double-Point Modified Analogs of 1,25-Dihydroxyergocalciferol." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 10: 24873-24894.