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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 24127-24138; doi:10.3390/ijms161024127

Differential Effects of Mycobacterium bovis BCG on Macrophages and Dendritic Cells from Murine Spleen

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Zoonosis/Jiangsu Co-Innovation Center for Prevention and Control of Important Animal Infectious Diseases and Zoonoses, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou 225009, China
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Academic Editor: Denis Girard
Received: 30 July 2015 / Revised: 23 September 2015 / Accepted: 24 September 2015 / Published: 13 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular and Cellular Biology)
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Abstract

Macrophages (MΦ) and dendritic cells (DCs) are both pivotal antigen presenting cells capable of inducing specific cellular responses to inhaled mycobacteria, and thus, they may be important in the initiation of early immune responses to mycobacterial infection. In this study, we evaluated and compared the roles of murine splenic DCs and MΦs in immunity against Mycobacterium bovis Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (M.bovis BCG). The number of internalized rBCG-GFP observed was obviously greater in murine splenic MΦs compared with DCs, and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and nitric oxide (NO) levels in MΦs were all higher than in DCs. DCs have a stronger capacity for presenting Ag85A peptide to specific T hybridoma and when the murine splenic MΦs were infected with BCG and rBCG::Ag85A, low level of antigen presenting activity was detected. These data suggest that murine splenic MΦs participate in mycobacteria uptake, killing and inducing inflammatory response, whereas the murine splenic DCs are primarily involved in specific antigen presentation and T cell activation. View Full-Text
Keywords: BCG; macrophage; dendritic cell BCG; macrophage; dendritic cell
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Xu, Z.; Meng, C.; Qiang, B.; Gu, H.; Sun, L.; Yin, Y.; Pan, Z.; Chen, X.; Jiao, X. Differential Effects of Mycobacterium bovis BCG on Macrophages and Dendritic Cells from Murine Spleen. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 24127-24138.

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