Antimicrobial Polymers with Metal Nanoparticles
AbstractMetals, such as copper and silver, can be extremely toxic to bacteria at exceptionally low concentrations. Because of this biocidal activity, metals have been widely used as antimicrobial agents in a multitude of applications related with agriculture, healthcare, and the industry in general. Unlike other antimicrobial agents, metals are stable under conditions currently found in the industry allowing their use as additives. Today these metal based additives are found as: particles, ions absorbed/exchanged in different carriers, salts, hybrid structures, etc. One recent route to further extend the antimicrobial applications of these metals is by their incorporation as nanoparticles into polymer matrices. These polymer/metal nanocomposites can be prepared by several routes such as in situ synthesis of the nanoparticle within a hydrogel or direct addition of the metal nanofiller into a thermoplastic matrix. The objective of the present review is to show examples of polymer/metal composites designed to have antimicrobial activities, with a special focus on copper and silver metal nanoparticles and their mechanisms. View Full-Text
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Palza, H. Antimicrobial Polymers with Metal Nanoparticles. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 2099-2116.
Palza H. Antimicrobial Polymers with Metal Nanoparticles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(1):2099-2116.Chicago/Turabian Style
Palza, Humberto. 2015. "Antimicrobial Polymers with Metal Nanoparticles." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 1: 2099-2116.